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NASA is about to launch a high-altitude balloon telescope to draw a three-dimensional map of part of the Milky way.

2024-07-21 Update From: SLTechnology News&Howtos shulou NAV: SLTechnology News&Howtos > IT Information >

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CTOnews.com news on December 19, the vast Milky way, full of mysteries. NASA is about to launch a new experiment called GUSTO, which aims to create a three-dimensional map of part of the Milky way Milky way.

GUSTO, the Galactic / extragalactic ULDB Terahertz Spectral Observatory, will use a special telescope to fly in an ultra-high altitude sounding balloon to 120000 feet (36576 meters) above the surface of Antarctica for 55 days. The goal is to penetrate the cosmic interstellar medium-interstellar space filled with gas, dust, radiation and other matter-to detect high-frequency radio waves.

The interstellar medium is like an ocean in the universe, and GUSTO will look for traces of carbon, oxygen and nitrogen in this "ocean", hoping to find clues about the formation of stars and planets. The researchers are particularly concerned about what forces bring particles in space together to form molecular clouds before the birth of stars.

The probe will lift off from McMurdo Station in Antarctica on or after December 21 to begin its air journey. Lead researcher Chris Walker of the University of Arizona says GUSTO has a unique advantage in capturing the Asia-Pacific Hertz frequency signal emitted by particles.

NASA also revealed that GUSTO will also reveal the three-dimensional structure of the large Magellanic Cloud. The large Magellanic Nebula is a dwarf galaxy near the Milky way and is visible to the naked eye in parts of the southern hemisphere. The probe will fly in the Antarctic atmospheric anticyclone, using the force of the cyclone to circle around the South Pole to complete the entire observation mission.

The GUSTO is not NASA's only balloon science instrument. For more than three decades, NASA has been carrying thousands of pounds of load in balloons for scientific research. According to NASA representative Elizabeth Landau, this mission is the first project planned by the NASA explorer. The program aims to "provide as many space flight opportunities as possible for top scientific research in coronal physics and astrophysics through innovative, simplified and efficient management".

In addition to the University of Arizona and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, the Dutch Space Institute, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory are also involved in the GUSTO project.

The launch of GUSTO will add a new era to our mapping of the Milky way. It is expected that it will bring back precious interstellar data and uncover more unknown secrets in the depths of the universe.

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