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2023 Top Ten Global Engineering Achievement released: ChatGPT, China Space Station and Huawei Hongmeng were selected.

2024-07-13 Update From: SLTechnology News&Howtos shulou NAV: SLTechnology News&Howtos > IT Information >

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Thank you, Mr. Air, a netizen of CTOnews.com, for your clue delivery! CTOnews.com news on December 20, the "Top Ten Global Engineering Achievement 2023" selected by the Journal of the Chinese Academy of Engineering "Engineering" was released in Beijing, and the results were released by Chen Jianfeng, executive editor of the journal and academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

According to reports, the selection of the "Top Ten Global Engineering Achievement in 2023" has been determined by global nominations, expert selection and recommendation, public questionnaire survey, and selection committee. The "Top Ten Engineering Achievement" shortlisted this year mainly refers to the major innovation achievements in engineering science and technology that have been effectively completed by engineers and scientists from all over the world in the past five years and have had a global impact, including not only major engineering projects or key technical equipment, but also key original innovations and breakthroughs in engineering science and technology.

The selected achievements include: ChatGPT, China Space Station, 10 billion supercomputers, Baihetan Hydropower Station, Twin asteroid Redirect Test, RTS,S / AS01 Malaria Vaccine, Hongmeng operating system, Spot & Atlas Robot, Lithium Ion Power Battery, Unmanned aerial vehicle.

ChatGPT

On November 30, 2022, OpenAI of the United States launched the chat robot product ChatGPT. As a natural language generation neural network model based on attention learning mechanism, ChatGPT can realize the functions of text content synthesis, machine translation, automatic document summarization and code generation through the combination of self-supervised learning, supervised fine-tuning and human-in-the-loop reinforcement learning. ChatGPT is one of the most successful products to obtain artificial intelligence empowerment through natural language interaction so far, which provides a paradigm for human beings to realize general artificial intelligence.

China Space Station

In November 2022, the Chinese space station was assembled and built in orbit after 11 launch missions. The body of the Chinese space station consists of cabin 3, with a total mass of 67.5 tons and an astronaut activity space of 122m3. It can achieve long-term residence of 3 people and short-term residence of 6 people. It is equipped with four unique LT-100 high-power Hall electric propulsion engines to maintain orbital operation, and advanced regenerative life support technology is adopted to achieve closed-loop utilization of resources. The completion and operation of China's space station will provide broader prospects and opportunities for human space exploration and development.

Ten billion supercomputers

On May 30, 2022, the "FRONTIER" supercomputer system built by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy and AMD, with 1.1 × 1018 floating-point operations per second, was rated as the fastest computer in the world by the International Supercomputing Organization. As the first computer in the world to break through tens of billions of times per second, the "FRONTIER" supercomputer has ushered in a new era of E-level computing, which will provide more powerful computing tools for solving the world's most serious scientific challenges, such as accurate climate prediction, nuclear fusion simulation, new materials and new drug research and development.

Baihetan Hydropower Station

On December 20, 2022, all units of Baihetan Hydropower Station, located in the lower reaches of Jinsha River in China, were put into operation. The dam of the power station is a 300-meter super-high concrete hyperbolic arch dam, which is poured with low-heat cement concrete for the first time in the world. The power station installs the world's first 16 hydroelectric generating units with a capacity of 1 million kilowatts, leading hydropower to enter a new era of million kilowatts per unit. Baihetan Hydropower Station, together with the three Gorges Project, Gezhouba Project, Wudongde Hydropower Station, Xiluodu Hydropower Station and Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station, constitute the world's largest clean energy corridor spanning 1800 kilometers on the Yangtze River in China.

Double asteroid redirection test

On September 27, 2022, NASA used a double asteroid redirection test spacecraft with a total mass of 610kg to hit a smaller asteroid in a group of near-Earth double asteroid systems at a relative speed of 1100 km / s, thus reducing its orbital period by 32 minutes. This is the first test mission carried out by mankind to protect the earth from the threat of an asteroid impact, and has successfully demonstrated man's ability to purposefully change the orbit of celestial bodies.

RTS,S / AS01 malaria vaccine

On October 6, 2021, the World Health Organization recommended for the first time that children be vaccinated against RTS,S / AS01 malaria in areas with a high risk of malaria transmission. This is the world's first approved malaria vaccine, developed by GlaxoSmithKline in cooperation with PATH MVI. The malaria vaccine creatively fused the C-terminal sequence of circumsporozoite protein CSP of Plasmodium falciparum with hepatitis B virus surface antigen to form a subunit vaccine with virus-like particle structure, which greatly improved the immunogenicity. The successful development of malaria vaccine is an important milestone in the history of human fight against malaria.

Hongmeng operating system

On August 9, 2019, Huawei released a new distributed operating system, Hongmeng operating system, which is based on microkernel and oriented to the whole scenario. Hongmeng system applies the distributed architecture to the terminal operating system for the first time to realize the seamless collaborative experience of users across terminals, uses a new micro-kernel design to reshape the trusted security of terminal devices, and supports one-time development and multi-terminal deployment through unified IDE to achieve ecological sharing across terminals. Hongmeng operating system provides a solution for the interconnection of people, devices and scenes, and represents the technological innovation facing the wisdom era of the whole scene.

Spot & Atlas robot

In recent years, every new robot released by Boston Dynamics in the United States has brought a strong visual and cognitive impact. The upgraded version of quadruped robot Spot, with 360-degree obstacle avoidance function, can walk, run and climb in different terrain and environment; the new generation of Atlas biped humanoid robot, with 28 degrees of freedom, can naturally and continuously complete jumping, tumbling, handstand, dancing, parkour and other movements. Boston power robot represents the most advanced level of robot research and development, showing a broad industrial application prospect.

Lithium ion power battery

Lithium-ion power battery uses lithium ion intercalated compound as cathode material and carbon material as negative material, which has the advantages of high energy density, long life, light weight and so on. In recent years, the key core technology of lithium-ion power battery has been continuously broken through. The energy density of the battery system has reached 255Wh/kg, the cycle life is more than 5000 times, and the thermal diffusion time has been increased to more than 24 hours. As a new energy storage technology, lithium-ion power battery has been widely used in electric vehicles, electric light vehicles, power tools, aerospace and other fields.

Unmanned aircraft

Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is a kind of unmanned aerial vehicle which is operated remotely or controlled by autonomous program and can perform a variety of tasks. In recent years, with the continuous breakthroughs of power technology, hovering technology, navigation technology, human-computer interaction, cluster technology and artificial intelligence, UAV is rapidly moving towards intelligence, miniaturization, clustering and systematization. Companies such as DJI, Parrot and 3D Robotics lead the progress of global UAV technology and industry. As a highly flexible means of delivery, unmanned aerial vehicles show great potential applications in military, civilian and many other fields.

CTOnews.com learned that the "Engineering" journal, jointly founded by the Chinese Academy of Engineering and higher Education Press, is committed to building a world-class comprehensive authoritative journal of engineering science and technology, and providing a global platform for the release and exchange of high-level major innovations in engineering science and technology.

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