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Ministry of Transport: self-driving cars engaged in urban bus and tram passenger transport and road passenger transport shall be equipped with a driver or safety guard.

2024-04-13 Update From: SLTechnology News&Howtos shulou NAV: SLTechnology News&Howtos > IT Information >

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Shulou(Shulou.com)12/24 Report--

Thanks to CTOnews.com netizens for the delivery of clues about the past. CTOnews.com news on December 5, today, the General Office of the Ministry of Transport issued the self-driving vehicle Transportation Safety Service Guide (for trial implementation).

It is mentioned that self-driving cars engaged in urban bus and tram passenger transport and road passenger transport should be equipped with a driver or operation safety personnel (hereinafter collectively referred to as "security officers"). Self-driving cars engaged in the operation of road freight transport are equipped with safety guards in principle. Conditional self-driving cars and highly self-driving cars engaged in taxi passenger transport shall be equipped with a safety guard; fully self-driving cars engaged in taxi passenger transport shall, on the premise of ensuring safety, with the consent of the people's governments of districts and cities, remote safety officers may be used when operating in designated areas, and the person-to-vehicle ratio of remote safety officers shall not be less than 1:3. Safety officers shall receive training in self-driving vehicle technology and relevant transport business, be proficient in the provisions of road traffic safety laws and regulations, the operation skills of different levels of self-driving systems, and be familiar with the running lines of self-driving vehicles, with emergency handling capabilities such as taking over vehicles in a state of emergency. After the self-driving function of the self-driving vehicle is changed or updated, the self-driving transport operator shall promptly strengthen the on-the-job training of safety officers to ensure that they grasp new functions, new technologies and new requirements in a timely manner. Safety officers shall meet the relevant regulations and requirements for the management of employees in the field of transportation and obtain qualifications for the corresponding business categories.

It is mentioned that self-driving transport operators should ensure that the vehicles are in good technical condition and operate in accordance with the vehicle instructions. Self-driving vehicles engaged in road transport operation shall have the functions of recording, storing and transmitting vehicle operation status information, and transmit key operation status information in real time to self-driving transport operators and relevant competent departments of operation camps. In the event of an accident or failure of the autopilot function, the running status information of at least 90 seconds before the accident shall be automatically recorded and stored. Running status information includes, but is not limited to, the following 10 items: vehicle identification (frame number or vehicle license plate information, etc.); vehicle control mode; vehicle position; vehicle speed, acceleration, driving direction, etc.; environmental perception and response status; real-time status of vehicle lighting and signals; 360-degree video surveillance outside the vehicle; in-vehicle video and voice monitoring that reflects the state of driver and human-computer interaction Remote control instructions (if any) and vehicle failures (if any) received by the vehicle.

It is mentioned that in order to ensure transport safety, road transport services carried out by self-driving vehicles should be carried out in designated areas and pass road traffic safety assessments in accordance with the law. Those who use self-driving vehicles to engage in urban bus and tram passenger transport activities can be carried out in fixed lines with physically closed, relatively closed or simple road conditions and under controllable traffic safety scenarios; those who use self-driving cars to engage in taxi passenger transport activities can be carried out in good traffic conditions and traffic safety controllable scenarios; carefully use self-driving vehicles to engage in road passenger transport activities. Self-driving cars can be used to engage in road goods transport business activities under the scene of point-to-point trunk road transport or urban roads with controllable traffic safety; it is forbidden to use self-driving vehicles to engage in road dangerous goods transport activities.

The full text of CTOnews.com is as follows:

In order to guide the development of self-driving technology and standardize the application of self-driving vehicles in the field of transport services, this guide is formulated in accordance with laws and regulations such as the Law of the people's Republic of China on production Safety, the Road Traffic Safety Law of the people's Republic of China and the Road Transport regulations of the people's Republic of China, as well as relevant provisions on road transport and urban passenger transport administration.

1. scope of application of self-driving cars on urban roads, highways and other roads used for the passage of social motor vehicles, engaged in urban bus and tram passenger transport, taxi passenger transport, road passenger transport operation, road cargo transport business activities, this guide applies.

The self-driving vehicles mentioned in this guide refer to the vehicles that have the ability to carry out all dynamic driving tasks under the design and operation conditions and are included in the product access scope by the industrial and information departments in accordance with the relevant national standards, including conditional self-driving vehicles, highly self-driving vehicles and fully self-driving vehicles specified in the national standard "Automation Classification of Automobile driving" (GB / T40429-2021).

Second, the basic principles of using self-driving cars to engage in urban bus and tram passenger transport, taxi passenger transport, road passenger transport operation, road goods transport operation (hereinafter collectively referred to as self-driving transport operation) should adhere to the principles of compliance with the law, honesty and trustworthiness, safety first and innovation-driven. The transportation management of self-driving vehicles should adhere to the principles of safety first, correct innovation, tolerance and openness, and orderly promotion.

Third, in order to ensure transportation safety, road transport services carried out by self-driving vehicles should be carried out in designated areas and pass road traffic safety assessment in accordance with the law. Those who use self-driving vehicles to engage in urban bus and tram passenger transport activities can be carried out in fixed lines with physically closed, relatively closed or simple road conditions and under controllable traffic safety scenarios; those who use self-driving cars to engage in taxi passenger transport activities can be carried out in good traffic conditions and traffic safety controllable scenarios; carefully use self-driving vehicles to engage in road passenger transport activities. Self-driving cars can be used to engage in road goods transport business activities under the scene of point-to-point trunk road transport or urban roads with controllable traffic safety; it is forbidden to use self-driving vehicles to engage in road dangerous goods transport activities.

4. operators of self-driving transport operators who use self-driving cars to engage in urban bus passenger transport, taxi passenger transport, road passenger transport and road goods transport (hereinafter collectively referred to as self-driving transport operators) shall register the main body of the market in accordance with the law, the business scope shall register the corresponding types of business; taxi passenger transport (net-hailing) and road passenger transport shall be insured against carrier liability insurance in accordance with the law. Those engaged in the operation of urban buses and trams shall meet the relevant operational requirements of the state and the people's governments of the cities where they operate. Those engaged in taxi passenger transport, road passenger transport and road goods transport shall have the business license qualifications for the corresponding business categories. Urban passenger transport enterprises and road transport enterprises may form a consortium with automobile production enterprises to carry out self-driving transport operation. Self-driving transport operators shall go through the relevant formalities in accordance with the law, and local transportation departments shall provide channels for self-driving transport operators to engage in self-driving automobile transport services.

5. Self-driving vehicles engaged in road transport operations shall comply with the relevant national standards and technical specifications, register motor vehicles in accordance with the law, and obtain motor vehicle license plates and motor vehicle driving licenses. Self-driving cars engaged in urban bus and tram passenger transport shall meet the relevant operational requirements of the state and the people's governments of the cities where they operate. Self-driving cars engaged in taxi passenger transport, road passenger transport and road goods transport shall also meet the requirements of the relevant technical standards for the operation safety of commercial motor vehicles in the transportation industry. obtain the "Network booking Taxi Transport Certificate" or "Road Transport Certificate" issued by the competent department of transportation in the camp in accordance with the law. If a self-driving car needs to change its self-driving function and upgrade the vehicle software system, it shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the industrial and information departments to ensure the safe operation of the vehicle.

Self-driving vehicles engaged in road transport operations shall be in accordance with the "Road Traffic Safety Law of the people's Republic of China", "regulations of the people's Republic of China on Road Transport", "regulations on compulsory Insurance for Motor vehicle Traffic Accidents" and "notice of the Ministry of Public Security of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on the issuance of Intelligent Network connection vehicle Road Test and demonstration Application Management Code (trial)" (Gongxin (2021) 97) related requirements Provide traffic accident liability compulsory insurance certificate and traffic accident liability insurance certificate or accident compensation guarantee letter.

VI. Self-driving cars engaged in urban bus and tram passenger transport and road passenger transport shall be equipped with a driver or operation safety guarantee personnel (hereinafter collectively referred to as "safety officers"). Self-driving cars engaged in the operation of road freight transport are equipped with safety guards in principle. Conditional self-driving cars and highly self-driving cars engaged in taxi passenger transport shall be equipped with a safety guard; fully self-driving cars engaged in taxi passenger transport shall, on the premise of ensuring safety, with the consent of the people's governments of districts and cities, remote safety officers may be used when operating in designated areas, and the person-to-vehicle ratio of remote safety officers shall not be less than 1:3. Safety officers shall receive training in self-driving vehicle technology and relevant transport business, be proficient in the provisions of road traffic safety laws and regulations, the operation skills of different levels of self-driving systems, and be familiar with the running lines of self-driving vehicles, with emergency handling capabilities such as taking over vehicles in a state of emergency. After the self-driving function of the self-driving vehicle is changed or updated, the self-driving transport operator shall promptly strengthen the on-the-job training of safety officers to ensure that they grasp new functions, new technologies and new requirements in a timely manner. Safety officers shall meet the relevant regulations and requirements for the management of employees in the field of transportation and obtain qualifications for the corresponding business categories.

Safety guarantee (1) the system of production safety.

Autopilot transport operators should fulfill the main responsibility of production safety and establish and implement the operation safety management system. Including but not limited to the whole staff safety production responsibility system, vehicle technical management system, safety assessment system, safety hidden danger investigation and management system, dynamic monitoring management system, network security management system, employee safety management system, key post safety production operation rules, safety production and emergency disposal education and training plan, etc.

(2) guarantee of transport safety.

Self-driving transport operators should establish and improve the transport safety guarantee system, and formulate a transport safety guarantee plan for self-driving vehicles before formal operation. Clear self-driving vehicle design and operation conditions, staffing, operational safety risk list, hierarchical control measures, emergency response measures, etc. Self-driving transport operators shall sign agreements with automobile production enterprises and safety personnel to clarify the rights, responsibilities and obligations of all parties, and organize professional demonstration and safety risk assessment of the transportation safety guarantee plan. The transport safety guarantee plan and the safety risk assessment report shall be communicated to the competent department of transportation, the public security traffic police department and the emergency management department. Autopilot transport operators shall ensure transport safety; if there are major hidden dangers and are unable to ensure transport safety, they shall promptly suspend the operation of autopilot transport in accordance with the law.

(3) running status information management.

Self-driving transport operators shall ensure that the vehicles are in good technical condition and operate in accordance with the vehicle operation instructions. Self-driving vehicles engaged in road transport operation shall have the functions of recording, storing and transmitting vehicle operation status information, and transmit key operation status information in real time to self-driving transport operators and relevant competent departments of operation camps. In the event of an accident or failure of the autopilot function, the running status information of at least 90 seconds before the accident shall be automatically recorded and stored. Running status information includes, but is not limited to, the following 10 items: vehicle identification (frame number or vehicle license plate information, etc.); vehicle control mode; vehicle position; vehicle speed, acceleration, driving direction, etc.; environmental perception and response status; real-time status of vehicle lighting and signals; 360-degree video surveillance outside the vehicle; in-vehicle video and voice monitoring that reflects the state of driver and human-computer interaction Remote control instructions (if any) and vehicle failures (if any) received by the vehicle.

(4) vehicle dynamic monitoring.

If vehicles comply with the measures for dynamic Supervision and Administration of Road Transport vehicles and the relevant provisions of the State, it is necessary to strengthen the dynamic monitoring of self-driving vehicles and monitor and manage the operating areas, routes and operating conditions of vehicles, timely remind to correct and deal with violations of laws and regulations. The competent department of transportation in the camp shall urge the operators of self-driving transport to strengthen the dynamic management of transport vehicles and safety guards.

(5) Safety notification.

Self-driving cars should be marked with eye-catching patterns, words or colors on the body to clearly inform other traffic participants of their self-driving identity. Operators who use self-driving cars to engage in urban bus and tram passenger transport, taxi passenger transport and road passenger transport shall, by means of playing videos or posting signs, inform passengers of the automatic driving function of the vehicle, the knowledge of safe riding, the use of safety facilities, emergency escape methods and other matters.

(6) emergency treatment.

Self-driving transport operators shall formulate emergency plans for self-driving vehicle operations, clarify the types and levels of emergencies, disposal methods, emergency response procedures, division of responsibilities and safeguard measures, and organize emergency drills on a regular basis. In the event of a vehicle failure or safety accident in the course of operation of a self-driving vehicle, the self-driving transport operator shall initiate emergency response in accordance with the requirements of the emergency plan and make emergency handling; if an accident of casualty and safety in production occurs, it shall be reported to the competent department of transportation at the place where the accident occurred in time in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State.

Supervision and management (1) daily supervision.

The competent department of transportation shall, in conjunction with the relevant departments, strengthen the supervision and management of the transport operation activities of self-driving vehicles, and carry out supervision and inspection in accordance with the requirements of "double random and one open". In accordance with the legal functions and powers to urge self-driving vehicle production enterprises and self-driving transport operators to carry out road transport business activities in strict accordance with the relevant laws and regulations of the state to ensure transport safety. Local transportation authorities may formulate safety requirements and measures higher than these guidelines in the light of local realities.

(2) rectification of hidden dangers.

If there is a major hidden danger in the use of self-driving vehicles in road transport business activities, the competent department of transportation in the operation camp shall, in conjunction with the relevant departments, order the self-driving vehicle production enterprises and self-driving transport operators to make rapid rectification in accordance with their statutory functions and powers. Those who are unable to ensure transport safety shall be dealt with in accordance with laws and regulations such as the Law of the people's Republic of China on production Safety, the Road Traffic Safety Law of the people's Republic of China, and the regulations of the people's Republic of China on Road Transport.

(3) Information feedback.

If it is found that there are technical defects, hidden dangers and problems in the operation of self-driving vehicles, the self-driving transport operators shall give feedback to the relevant competent departments in accordance with the law, and the relevant competent departments shall urge automobile production enterprises to promptly investigate and rectify, eliminate safety hidden dangers in time, and ensure production safety. The transportation department of the operation camp shall regularly monitor and summarize the local autopilot operation services and grasp the safety and operation services of the industry. The competent department of transportation at the provincial level shall report the operation of self-driving vehicles within its jurisdiction to the Ministry before the end of each year.

CC: Ministry of Science Research Institute, Highway Science Research Institute, Central Commission for discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission in the Ministry of Transport discipline Inspection and Supervision Group.

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